Diy nft hydroponics

diy nft hydroponics

This flow variation can be made if you have an inline tap where you can adjust the flow, but an easier way is to use a submersible water pump that comes with a variable flow rate. These are ideal for this kind of system as you can really fine-tune your flow to meet the needs of your system. They are also easy to adjust without the need for additional plumbing in your inlet tubes.

One final area where these pumps prove their worth is that as your plants grow, the flow of your solution may need to increase. You can find this by checking the last plants in the stream, if these begin showing signs of nutrient deficiency, then you merely increase the flow rate.


As long as you follow the essential elements of an NFT system, these are very easy to run and maintain.

Diy nft hydroponics

As the water reservoir runs dry, just keep refilling.

Estimated Cost: $7

What You’ll Need

  • Used water bottle
  • Hydroton
  • Nutrient solution
  • Seedling
  • Scissors
  • Sharpie
  • Felt

6. DIY Ebb and Flow Hydroponic System

System Overview: Ebb and flow systems, also known as flood and drain systems, are more complex than most of the systems here but offer distinct advantages.
In this DIY ebb and flow hydroponic system, a reservoir on the bottom pumps water into a tray on top with the help of a pump and timer setup.

Diy hydroponic nft pipe

Requirements for this hydroponic plan are as below

  • Reservoir
  • Netpot
  • Air stone
  • Air hose

A detailed video about the creation of this hydroponic plan

PVC pipe Hydroponic system

We have seen earlier the PVC pipe method and the soda bottle method, now this plan is a combination of both the methods. It’s simple, cheap and easy to make. The materials that you require to make this are

  • Soda bottle
  • Screw top container
  • Aquarium pump
  • Straight connector
  • Silicone Sealant
  • Timer
  • Rubber o rings
  • Aquarium tubing

In this method they have proved information on how to create a light stand also for your hydroponics.
For hydroponic systems the two main things required are lighting and the most important nutrients.

As the nutrient solution flows down these gullies, it makes contact with the bottom area of the plant’s roots while leaving enough root area for oxygenation.

Step 4

Once the nutrient solution has finished flowing through the growing channels, it falls back down into the reservoir through a drainage/overflow pipe. As this happens, the water makes contact with more air; this re-oxygenates the water before it falls back into the reservoir.

The cycle continues.

What Plants Grow Best In An NFT Hydroponic System?

Smaller NFT systems are modular enough to cater to various crops.

Stop by the Aerogarden website to take a look at their full offerings if you’re interested!

12. Ebb and Flow (Also Called Flood and Drain)

Ebb and flow is a hydroponic system that uses a grow bed situated on top of a reservoir, and the two are connected via a set of pipes.

One pipe is connected to a water pump which periodically fills the grow bed with nutrient solution.
When the pump turns off, the second pipe drains the nutrient solution back into the reservoir to be re-used on the next cycle.

This system gives your plants a great balance of oxygen exposure, nutrients and moisture for fast, healthy growth.

This video from Hoocho shows you how to set up a small-scale ebb and flow (he calls it flood and drain) system that’s perfect for small spaces:


But there are other advantages of hydroponic systems which make them ideal for home growers.

Save water in hydroponic system

One is that it can save water. Studies show that a hydroponic setup can save as much as 90 percent of water used in traditional soil gardening. Hydroponics vs Soil: Which Is Better

No weeds in a hydroponic system

Second, you don’t need to weed in hydroponics system. Because there is no soil, there won’t be weeds in a hydroponics set-up.

You can spare yourself of the exhaustion you will get from weeding.

Hydroponic system: No pests and minimal diseases

Plus, there are no pests and diseases to worry about.

The reason for this is the weight of the liquid is greater than the force from the pump.

To calculate the size of the pump required, you need to measure from the top of your reservoir to the highest point of your NFT system. Once you have this, you should add a further 20% as a buffer.

With this, you will be sure your pump can comfortably deliver water to this height.

When looking for pumps, you need to remember, NFT systems don’t need high volumes of water. Because of this, you should choose a pump that is closest to your measurements without being under.

One other thing to remember is, GPH (Gallons per hour) and head height are not the same, but generally, as one increases, so does the other.

  • Next, insert the material into the hole in the lid.
  • It must be long enough to reach the bottom of the bottle and with at least an inch or two remaining in the top. Then:

    1. Remove the top of the bottle and pour the hydroponic nutrient solution into the bottom part. Refer to the mark you put on the side of the bottle.
    2. Reinsert the upper portion of the bottle into the bottom, enabling the wick to fall into the nutrient rich solution.
    3. Using the duct tape, secure the top of the bottle to the bottom.
    4. Moisten the perlite with the nutrient solution before placing it on the top of the bottle.
    5. String the wick through the perlite so that it can draw nutrients from the solution and into the perlite-filled top section.

    Add the seedling in your hydroponic system

    Then put a small seedling in the perlite.

    I’m looking forward to seeing how the plants will do in a horizontal system, since my only reference is to my vertical Zipgrow systems, which can prove troublesome in some plants. I expect a maturation time of 6-8 weeks for greens and herbs, and I can’t wait to see how a couple rows of strawberries will do in this situation.

    No slugs!

    Costs 4 @ 10 foot @ 3 inch PVC sewer pipe – $60.

    1 Gallon per hour pond pump – $65.

    20 Gallon Garbage can – $20

    80 @ 3 inch hydroponic baskets $60.

    25 feet 1/2 inch PVC water line $10.

    1/2 inch elbows and tees and hose clamps $20.

    4 @ 3 inch pvc end caps $12.

    Half bag hydroponic clay pebble medium $25.

    2 @ metal sawhorse stands $40.

    Basic directions – Use a 3 inch hole saw to cut holes in PVC sewer pipe at 5 or 6 inch intervals.

    Whichever way you select to plant your seedlings, make sure to check and trim the roots to prevent out of control growth that can clog the system.

    Another important consideration is the length of the grow tray. As the nutrient solution flows over the roots, and it decreases in nutrient concentration and oxygen levels.

    And “Short-run” trays offer an advantage over long ones as they ensure that plants at the end of the line receive a nutrient solution with the same composition as those at the beginning of the line. Long channels can be used successfully, make sure that you regularly check the nutrient levels and pH and replenish your solution.

    If you notice the plants at the end of the line growing slowly or not producing as much, consider switching to a short run system.

    Air pump

    One of the important elements of a good NFT system is the air pump.

    We have been growing food in the N.F.T. Downspout hydroponics now for a few years. It is our preferred choice for indoor gardening. In this post, we are showing you how to set up a simple NFT downspout Hydroponics system.

    There are different types of hydroponic systems: Water Culture, Ebb and Flow (Flood & Drain), Drip (recovery or non-recovery), N.F.T.

    (Nutrient Film Technique), and Aeroponic.

    We have been experimenting with aeroponic Tower Garden, Kratky hydroponics, High pressure aeroponic, and N.F.T. For indoor growing N.F.T. is our favorite setup.

    Why Choose Hydroponics?

    Hydroponics allows us to grow food year-round despite our cold climate.

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